Periodontal disease, more commonly known as gum disease, is an infection and inflammation of the gum tissues that plagues an estimated 47 percent of adults over the age of 30. The most likely cause of periodontal disease is hardened tartar at the gum line, resulting from a poor oral hygiene regimen. At the same time, increased risk factors, like regular tobacco use and medical conditions such as diabetes, can accelerate the periodontal infection.
The earliest stage of gum disease is known as gingivitis. Initial symptoms include red or inflamed gums that bleed easily during brushing and flossing as well as problems with chronic bad breath. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, they could possibly be reversed by steadfast improvements in your daily oral hygiene routine and the highly effective dental cleanings provided by the dental professionals at Eastside Periodontics.
If gingivitis is left unaddressed or undiagnosed, it will eventually escalate into the more advanced form of periodontal disease, which is known as periodontitis. This degree of infection in the gum tissue can cause your gums to recede from the base of your teeth. This enables the infection to form deep within the gum tissues. In time, it can even deteriorate the bones that anchor your teeth.
Periodontitis often results in systemic inflammation that can have a long-term negative effect on your immune system. Continuing research has found that this can be linked to other medical conditions including diabetes, heart disease and respiratory disease. You should note that while periodontal disease cannot cause these conditions, they do seem to have some level of impact on your treatment options.
If you have questions about gum disease in Center Line, Michigan, or if you would like to explore your treatment options, you should call Eastside Periodontics at 586-757-5454 to schedule an appointment with your dentist, Dr. Jack Schwarcz.