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When plaque and residual food particles are not effectively cleaned by daily brushing and flossing, they can harden into tartar. This is a bacterial-rich substance that adheres to tooth enamel. Once it forms, it is very hard to remove with your daily oral hygiene routine.

While this obviously promotes tooth decay, the constant bacterial presence at the gumline promotes inflammation and infection, which is known as gum disease.

The problem starts out as gingivitis, which often involves gums that bleed easily when brushing and flossing. It also involves issues with chronic bad breath and gums that are red or inflamed. Your routine dental cleaning with Dr. Jack Schwarcz and improvements to your daily oral hygiene routine and can often reverse gingivitis.

If gingivitis is allowed to advance, it will eventually develop into the more serious form of gum disease, which is known as periodontitis. This inflammation and infection causes the gums to slowly pull back from the base of the teeth. In time, pockets of infection form near the roots of your teeth. Periodontitis can even result in the loss of the bone structure that anchors your teeth to your jaw.

Increased focus on brushing and flossing twice per day is the most effective preventive measure. Be sure to floss along the gumline and behind your last molar. Attending your regular dental checkup with your dentist will help remove any tartar buildup before it becomes a more serious problem.

If you are concerned about your oral hygiene or if you have concerns about gum disease in Center Line, Michigan, you should call Eastside Periodontics at 586-757-5454 to seek timely treatment.